# Microeconomics and its Types

Microeconomics is the branch of economics that studies the behavior and decisions of individuals and firms in relation to the allocation and distribution of scarce resources. Microeconomics helps us understand how markets work, how prices are determined, how consumers and producers interact, and how different types of policies affect the outcomes of economic activities.

In this blog post, we will explore the different types of microeconomic analysis that are commonly used to examine various aspects of microeconomic phenomena. These types are:

- Microstatics

- Comparative microstatics

- Microdynamics

### Microstatics

Microstatics is the simplest type of microeconomic analysis. It involves the study of equilibrium conditions in a single market or a single economic unit at a given point in time. It assumes that all variables are constant except for the ones being analyzed. For example, microstatics can be used to study how the demand and supply curves determine the equilibrium price and quantity in a market for a particular good or service.

Microstatics can be illustrated by the following figure:

In this figure, the demand curve (D) intersects the supply curve (S) at a point E to determine the price OP and quantity OQ at a given time period. This analysis is a static analysis of equilibrium.

### Comparative microstatics

Comparative microstatics is a type of microeconomic analysis that compares two or more equilibrium positions without regard to the transitional period and the process involved in the adjustment. It deals with the effects of changes in one or more variables on the equilibrium values of other variables. For example, comparative microstatics can be used to study how a change in income affects the demand for a normal good or how a change in technology affects the supply of a product.

Comparative microstatics can be illustrated by the following figure:

In this figure, the demand curve shifts from D to D1 due to a change in one of the variables of demand function (such as income, preferences, prices of related goods, etc.) and a new equilibrium is formed at F, which determines the price OP1 and quantity OQ1. The comparison between the values of the variables between E and F is comparative statics.

### Microdynamics

Microdynamics is a type of microeconomic analysis that deals with the time path and process of adjustment from one equilibrium position to another. It studies how variables change over time and how they respond to changes in other variables. For example, microdynamics can be used to study how prices and quantities adjust over time when there is an excess demand or excess supply in a market or how consumers and producers adapt their behavior over time when there is a change in expectations, preferences, technology, etc.

Microdynamics can be illustrated by the following figure: In this figure, the demand curve shifts from D to D1 due to a change in one of the variables of demand function and a new equilibrium is formed at F. However, this figure also shows how the equilibrium shifts from E to F over time. It shows how prices and quantities adjust gradually from A to B to C to F. It also shows how consumers and producers react to changes in market conditions over time.

### Conclusion

Microeconomics is a useful tool for understanding and analyzing various aspects of economic behavior and outcomes. There are different types of microeconomic analysis that can be applied depending on the purpose and scope of the study. Microstatics, comparative microstatics, and microdynamics are three common types of microeconomic analysis that have different advantages and limitations. By using these types of analysis appropriately, we can gain valuable insights into how individuals and firms make choices and how markets function.